presents ZASTAVA 101
My name is Novica and this is my story 40 years
Four generations This car is Zastava 101B
manufactured in 1979. It is a base model from a Yugoslavian well-known manufacturer “Zastava automobiles”. The car behind me is 40 years in my family and it is considered as a family member. Bought in June 1979. at the car lot “AK Kosmaj” in Belgrade. First, you needed to pay the whole amount to the factory’s bank account, then you get a telegraph and you have three days
to pick up a car from one of the car lots. There were no reservations. If you get one – great.
If not – you go back to a six months waiting list. The year 1979. had highest number of “Stojadin” produced (nickname for Zastava 101) and therefore the most sold. So, when my grandfather and my father got to the car lot and catches this one behind me, there was a problem. My father locked himself inside the car with a purchase paper, while my grandfather was finishing the contract. Several people came, banging on car windows, yelling: “Get out, this is our car!”. My father said that this car is sold. In the end, the security needed to intervene. There are not many changes on my car. This is the model “B”, which means “Basic”. Originally it came with plastic wheel center caps, ordinary black front grille mask and without fog lights. Literally without any accessories.
It didn’t even have an engine temperature gauge. I changed the front grille mask and added fog lights. The car was originally ordered with fog lights.
So, in fact, I just “returned” them. I added an engine temperature gauge, fog lights switch, found rear window heater for oldtimer cars that stick to the rear window. I added a cigarette lighter socket to be able to plug-in modern devices. For example, phone chargers… Also, I installed a radio CD player with a bracket from an older model of this car that looks like wood. Everything else is original. This car came from a factory without head restraints. The ones that you can see behind me, in the car, are additional ones bought with the car in 1979. On the last vehicle technical inspection for renewing a car license, the car was almost denied. Luckily, there was a veteran who said that those cars had no headrest when they were made. In accordance with the new regulations, fog lights were also in dispute. My car was ordered with fog lights and that is written down in invoice as proof. The engine is standard, without any upgrades.
There is no need for a stronger one. The car has always been looked after,
but sometimes accidents have to happen. It was completely destroyed three times. The first time was back in 1989. on “Ibarska magistrala”.
The car rolled over three times and end up on a roof, but it was actually driven back to Belgrade with a wheel that was bolstered with a fire ax. The second time, in a city of Valjevo,
a truck coming from a construction site climbed with the left wheel
onto the right-side panel of a car. Although it was almost crushed like a can,
the car was returned to the wheels with the persistence of my father and repairman. The third time, winter of 2004. or 2005.
we were coming back to Belgrade on a highway. There was ice on the road and a “Yugo” (a different car model from the same manufacturer) was in front, standing sideways blocking two ways. Our car started to spin and with a rear side we collided with Yugo. A rear right side was completely crushed. Mechanics in Belgrade declared it a written-off vehicle because of its age, but one mechanic, from a city of Pancevo, agreed to repair the car and once again it was back on the road. In the year 2011. I was thinking about what to do with a car. My friend, Milos Tomic from Valjevo,
who is a professional tinsmith, decided to accept this challenge
and to strip it down to the bare metal. Only roof, wheel arches remained and basics of a chassis, but everything else is changed. Side panels, front hood, trunk lid are changed and the car is back on the road for almost 10 years now. As this car is in a family for the last 40 years,
it took part in all the good times that we had. Weddings, baptisms, celebrations of births. My father drove me home in this car
from a hospital when I was born and I repeated the same thing twice
with this car when my sons were born Of course, there were some bad moments, tougher ones. Moments that we don’t gladly remember… …1990’s wars, NATO bombarding in 1999. Poverty…hyperinflation in 1993. The car took part in those times, as well.
Low-quality fuel was used during that period. It transported grapes from a family vineyard to a market in a city of Kragujevac, so that we can survive. It played that historic part very well. Plans for the future? Well, considering it’s been a daily driver for 40 years,
the plan is to keep it that way. To ride it for as long as possible, as long as there are spare parts and it can be serviced. Afterwards, when it could no longer drive,
it will have its well-deserved pension in a warm garage where it will serve as a memorial of the past times. Already it is serving the fourth generation of our family. I have two sons. Hopefully, one of them will have an interest in this car, to keep it still. History
Zastava 101 This is Enzo Ferrari Ferrari, who makes some of the fastest
and the most expensive cars in the world Of course, for his own personal use
Mr. Ferrari drives something a bit more practical. He drives a Fiat. When it comes to cars,
you can’t fool a Ferrari. In 1970. European Car of the Year was Fiat 128. Pride of the Turin factory had many innovations
like the timing belt, valve timing, front axle, independent 4 wheel suspension,
and there was featured a transverse-mounted engine with unequal length driveshafts and an innovative clutch release mechanism. On the other side, Zastava was in need of a need car model. “Fica” (nickname for Zastava 750 model)
was still selling pretty good, but it was small and the time was running out for that model. “Tristac” (nickname for Zastava 1300 model),
was a bit expensive for an average household
and was almost outdated. Management of Zastava decided
to work on a new car model CEO Prvoslav Rakovic with his delegation went to Turin
to negotiate for a Fiat model 124. As you know, Fiat 124 was already producing un SSSR,
by the name “Lada” (Zhiguli), but, anyway, this was an interesting car for us. On the other side, there was another debate inside Fiat. Dante Giacosa, the main designer of Fiat cars like
Fiat 128, Fiat 500, Fiat 600… …wanted to make his dream come true, to start mass production of a “hatchback” models
for which he thought were the future. By the Fiat’s research, “Hatchback” was too futuristic,
so they gave up on that. Dante Giacosa wasn’t
satisfied with that decision from Fiat, but there was a delegation from Zastava,
asking for a licence for a new model. According to an eyewitness,
Zastava delegation asked for Fiat 124… but Dante Giacosa made a serious face and asked back:
“What do you think about producing Fiat 128?”. Our delegation was speechless because at that time we didn’t have tools or capacity to produce a European car of the year. Of course, Zastava accepted licence for Fiat 128. Dante Giacosa agreed with Fiat CEO Gianni Agnelli to give Yugoslavs a chance
and tools to start the production. Next year, 16.April 1971. Belgrade Automotive fair,
CEO Prvoslav Rakovic presents Zastava 101. First one. “National vehicle”, most advanced car we ever produced, goes into the line production. The promise was made that the first car will be produced on the 16th of November and they made that promise. No. 1 today 25th of April 1972. a new production line in a new factory was officially opened by Mijako Todorovic. Workers have pledged to reach maximum production of 200,000 cars a year. Waiting lists were formed in 1971. Cars were massively ordered with 6 months delivery deadline. First 600 models were produced in 1971. In 1972 car was already a part of
Rally championships: YU Rally, Sutjeska Rally, etc. In 1973 Zastava takes a place in “Tour de Europe”.
Drivers Branimir Peric Dzo and Jovica Palikovic with two Zastava 101’s had a better time at one point
then the Porsche which was the best in that class. Endurance tests continued in 1975
with an expedition Kragujevac – Kilimanjaro. 11 crew members and Five brand new Zastava 101’s
went on a journey through the desert to Kilimanjaro. Today there are road network in Africa,
but back then there were no roads. Described by the crew as a “Hell on the earth”, it was a kind of adventure that they would never agree to
if they knew in advance what awaits them. But all of them reached finish line and came back to Yugoslavia a few days later by a ship. A new endurance test took place in 1977.
with a new model Zastava 101 Lux. Car was tested on Himalayas, Rohtang Pass,
where passenger cars didn’ go through. The test was successful.
Zastava 101 Lux came back home in one piece, and once again Zastava
proved that their cars are durable. Production of Zastava 101 went smoothly. The capacity of the new factory was 200.000 vehicles a year, but this wasn’t reached until the year 1989. But for Zastava 101, the record was set back in the year 1979. Almost 89.000 were made in that year. Zastava 101 reached number 1.000.000 in 1990. 1.000.000th car today There were different models of Zastava 101.
There was a model Lux. B model (standard model,
produced from 1971 to 1979. Then we had a model Confort,
that followed Fiat’s version of a model 128 Special. A model Super had more power.
The engine was boosted to 64 BHP. Zastava 101 Special was the most powerful.
1300cc 73BHP It had a built-in Tachometer, Abarth alloy wheels, etc. Also, the coupe model called Mediteran (Mediterraneo) intended for Rally. 1100cc or 1300cc engines. Main problem for Zastava was finishing. The second main problem was the service network. Where the repairman’s response to the needs of the drivers at that time was not adequate. Zastava desides to go for unification. New car models went through a unification process. Unification cut costs in productions as all vehicles used the same parts. This process lowered quality
and damaged the factory’s reputation. Zastava 101 is the most exported
vehicle in Yugoslavian history. 224.000 vehicles were exported. From this point of view, the number is maybe small,
but have in mind that Zastava had a small factory and most things were done by hand,
so we could not reach large numbers in production. Regardless, a car was exported and it was the most selling model from Yugoslavian history. IT was exported to every continent. Most cars went to Poland, 33.000 cars There was a business agreement with Poland and for Zastava 100 we got car parts from them and Fiat 125p models that were manufactured in Poland
and we sell those in Yugoslavia. The plan to export Zastava 101 to Norway was realized in the end. There was only one condition, to put Zastava 101
on the “Ice test” in Ice chamber to -50c. The car on the test came
straight from a production line. Nothing was changed and it started with no problems. Heating working fine, even better than on some West German cars at the time. Why did we decide to film this interview here?
(Museum of Yugoslavia) This car was a symbol of a foreign state,
SFR Yugoslavia and “Brotherhood and unity” politics at the time. What does that mean for our car? This means that this car was produced with parts that were made in all 6 republics of a foreign Yugoslavia. Serbia had production in the whole republic. Parts were also made in Montenegro, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Slovenia. All the parts were sent to factory in Kragujevac
were this car was produced. Why this model were so important
to our manufacturer Zastava automobiles? It turned out that this car was always somehow “the first and last one” in all the crises that happened. We had the first crises back in 1970.
when we needed a new car model. Zastava 101 came in 1971. as one of the most modern cars in Europe and we produced it. Later on, Volkswagen uses hatchback and makes sensation with the Golf model. The next crisis was the wars. In ’90s Yugoslavia breaks apart during the civil war and production stopped in Kragujevac because parts were no longer
produced in other republics. Management of Zastava automobiles comes to a new challenge: how to produce parts only in Serbia? We used factories that we already had on our territory and converted them to produce car parts… ..and the first car that comes out of a production line after the war was a Zastava 101. The year 1999 was a sad year for us, as well. NATO bombing destroyed
the production line facility in Zastava. Again there was a challenge for Zastava management and workers to clean the factory and start producing. Through hard work factory was cleared, the roof and production line were repaired and production started. he first car that came off
a production line was Zastava 101. The end of production was in the year 2008, the 21st of November. That was a year of new hope
for the workers in Kragujevac and production had to be finished in a symbolic way. The last car produced in a factory was Zastava 101. It was the last Stojadin and the last car ever produced with a brand name of Zastava. The sad atmosphere was captured with a camera. Workers were very sad and worried about their future. Many of them worked here for almost 40 years,
they were very sentimental. The last car was coming out of the production line
and it was a big farewell. Last Stojadin was extremely decorated by the workers. Signatures all over the car,
poems were written, flowers on the car… …and, simply, the last siren meant it was the end. Empty conveyers were left behind
and Zastava 101 went to history. The end Next: Behind the scenes In 2011 complete body repair was done,
whose credit is that the car still serves good. Sinisa Atanackovic
a wandering camera – And it’s a daily driver now?
– Yes, it takes part in all celebrations… …family responsibilities, caries cargo, washing machines and everything needed. …and that is to achieve… Jovan Ilic
production This was good. – The end of production happened…
– You know there is a radio jingle that says:
“WHO CARES ABOUT THAT?!” – Just go on 21.11.2008. Zastava 101 came off the production line as a last car manufactured by the name of Zastava… -Mate, and what about 14th century Kosovo battle?!
– Oh, no, we forgot about that! – They produce it for so long in the past
that it could be that Marko Kraljevic used it
in the 14th century to plow Turkish roads… – Oh..F$%#^ – Novica, sorry. We need to get some positivity…
– Not a problem. Everything is fine. Sinisa Atanackovic
a wandering camera Camera? Should I give him a few coins? For how long will there be a red light… Finally, green light. Drive now, quickly! Camera? Camera? Relax… Camera? Relax…
And now I can’t get it into reverse… I’ll just act like everything is fine… It is really the end now.