Frame Rates For Video & Filmmaking Explained | Understanding Frames Per Second | 24P vs 60 P | FPS

When you start shooting photos and
videos, there are plenty of things to learn. One of the first things to master
is definitely the Frame Rate. Hang on to the end of this video because I’m going
to give you a detailed explanation of what frame rates are and how different
ones affect the photos and videos and films that you shoot. Hi. I’m Jim Costa. I’m a videography, photography and
technology guru, but you can call me a #dadographer. I’ve created many other videos
on improving your photography, videography, filmmaking, video editing,
audio recording and technology skills and I’ll link to those in the description
below and both during and at the end of this video, so stay tuned. If you want to
learn more, remember to subscribe to my channel and hit that bell to be notified
when I upload new videos. I upload every week and I’ll be uploading many more
explanations of film, video, photo, editing and tech topics. Stay tuned to the end to
find out how to get my F-R-E-E DSLR mirrorless and inter-changeable lens
video camera cheat sheet that will have you shooting your photos and videos like a
pro in no time. Best of all, my cheat sheet specializes in shooting video with
any type of camera, including mirrorless and DSLR cameras. In it, you’ll find all
the information you need on important video techniques such as white balance,
color temperature, frame rates and more. The info I’ve assembled for you will
definitely help to improve your work. I am a full time working photographer,
video producer, video editor and technology Pro. That’s the small business
that I own and that’s how I make a living.
You’ll find my contact information in the description below. Contact me if you
need photography or video production for you personally, for your business or for
someone that you know. A frame rate is the number of images your camera takes
per second or the number of frames of video or film recorded per second which
then get animated into a motion picture, known as the frames per second or FPS.
Frame rates stem from film and date back to the very first silent films. Film
would be on a reel and then cranked by hand by a camera operator and then the
projectionists would playback the film at the same frame rate that it was
recorded at. You can think of frame rates like a flip book. Each new drawing on a
piece of paper is a frame. When you flip through the book, you
see all the frames blended together as one continuous moving image. With that in
mind, if you have a frame rate of 24 frames per second that means that in one
second, the camera is capturing 24 individual frames and when played back
it displays as one continuous video. It’s important to remember that shutter speed
is not the same as frame rate. Shutter speed is the length of the
exposure for each picture or frame of video and the frame rate is the number
of these pictures per second. This is important because it determines the
relationship between the frame rate and shutter speed. For example, if you shoot
at a shutter speed of 1/30th of a second and a frame rate of say 60 frames per
second, your camera will only produce 30 images a second. This will result in
duplicated images of different frames. To avoid this, keep the shutter speed faster
than the frame rate and the general rule of thumb is to make the shutter speed
double whatever your frame rate is. Base or project frame rate is the frame rate
your camera records to produce 100% realistic speed. The standard is 24
frames per second for movies, 30 frames per second for TV and broadcasts, say, in
the United States where they use at the NTSC system and for PAL broadcast it’s
actually 25 frames per second. They use that in Europe and other places in the
world. Creative frame rates are those that slow
down or speed up the regular time that you see on screen. You manipulate them in
post to stretch them out or compress them in order to fit your project frame
rate. For example, if you shoot at 60 frames per second and set the footage to
fit a 24 frames per second timeline, you’ll create a slow-motion effect. If
you shoot at a slower frame rate, say 12 frames per second, you can make the
footage speed up in that same timeline. You may wonder, why not use a fast frame
rate all the time and then just adjust everything as needed when you’re editing?
First, if you can’t and equally divided the frame rate you
shoot at with the project timeline frame rate, you’re going to end up with awkward
and jerky looking footage so you don’t want to do that. Another problem is that
different cameras record different quality with different frame rates. The
basic rule is that the base frame rate produces the highest quality image and
that’s generally 24, 25 or 30 frames per second, depending upon your specific
format. So which frame rate is actually the best one for you to use? The best
frame rate for video is, well, frankly, all of them because it depends on what you
are shooting and what you want to achieve.
Here are some common frame rates and their specific uses. Zero frames per
second are still images. You can use still images in your videos to create
animated sequences such as stop-motion. Use 1 to 15 frames per second when you
want to speed up the video in post and create a fast motion effect. This is also
good for creating motion blur in your videos and films. 24 or 25 frames per
second it’s considered the standard frame rate for films and PAL, as I
mentioned, and is used on many occasions. It’s ideal for dialogue that will be
played in real speed it also works for landscapes when you want to preserve as
many details as possible and there are no moving subjects in your video or film.
30 frames per second. While it can be a project frame rate, especially in the US
or where they have an NTSC video, it can also serve to give you a bit of a
slow-motion effect when you stretch it into a 24 frames per second timeline. It can
also give a bit of smoothness to the shot when you conform it to 24 frames
per second because there’s a little bit more video, 6 extra frames in each second.
48 to 64 frames per second is considered normal slow motion, the one we see all
the time in movies music videos and TV shows. You could use it to add a bit of
grace to the subject or for people who are laughing and clapping or walking in
in the background. There’s another quite useful application of this frame rate. If
you’re filming people talking or singing and you
want to use the audio you can also shoot at 60 frames per second and slow the
footage down in post, this way the subjects are “taken out of
reality” and the viewers brains find the easier to accept that they can’t hear
the audio. You see this a lot in music video and you may not even realize it.
Another application is for music videos. You speed up the song and the performer
sings along while you record at a higher frame rate; then when you slow the footage
down the song sounds as it should and the video itself is in slow motion, but
the audio is perfectly synced. 90 to 120 frames per second. You can use
these frame rates when you want to dramatically slow down the footage and
almost stop time. Use a speed ramp to switch from normal speed to slow motion
when you’re editing and draw the viewers attention to a crucial moment.
You see this in movies a lot when there’s like a crash or an accident or
something and it’s slowed down just as they hit and then the video will speed
up after the crash is over. You can also use 90 to 120 frames per second to
stabilize the shots you’ve taken if you shoot handheld or with a telephoto lens.
Slow the footage down and you’ll get the least a few snippets that are
acceptably stable. 180 plus frames per second. These are specialty frame rates
that are used for super slow motions such as pyrotechnics and explosions
and not all cameras can actually capture it. Another example would be a bullet
shattering a light bulb let’s say. You’ve seen these effects on TV. It may
only take a fraction of a second, but the camera records the light bulb at a
thousand times per second or more and then plays back at 24 frames per second.
The movie on screen will take over 40 times as long even though the scene only
took one second to shoot because a thousand frames per second divided by
the 24 frames per second in your timeline is equal to 40 1.6 seconds, so
that one second a video of the bullet exploding the light bulb plays back
almost 42 seconds. Last is one frame per hour. This is used for extreme time-lapse
photography, video and film. If you want to use slow-motion in your videos, it’s good
to have an idea in mind why you should or shouldn’t do it.
Shifting the speed of the video in crucial moments can keep the audience
engaged and interested. Contrary to that, if the footage is in slow motion for too,
long no matter how gorgeous it looks, it can appear dull, so you have to use it
sparingly. So how do you adjust frame rates on a DSLR or mirrorless camera or
even higher-end video cameras? Frame rate is usually a setting that has to be
adjusted in the main menu of your camera. It’s not found on a jog wheel like the
aperture or shutter speed might. On most cameras, the frame rate can be found in
one of the first couple of menu pages. Once you locate the menu page you’ll see
two options for each frame rate IPB and All-I. IPB means more compression and a
smaller overall file size and All-I means less compression and a much larger
file size, so it’s up to you to decide which one you prefer to shoot.
Normally, my rule of thumb is larger file sizes because more information gives you
a better looking video, but it all depends on what you’re looking for. A
higher frames per second rate does not mean a higher quality of video. When you
change your frame rate, you’re not changing the file output size, say from
1080 a to 4k or vice versa. Whether you shoot 24 frames per second
or 120 frames per second, you can have the same 1080p or 4k quality output. But,
something to consider is that a higher frame rate can help you achieve a
smoother shot if you’re shooting handheld like I mentioned. Because everything is
slowed down, all of the camera shake will be slowed down and thus less noticeable
as well. Now is this is making sense to you put, “I’ve got it!” in the comments section
below. My question of the day is, “How have you used frame rates creatively to add
to your film and video productions?” Leave a comment below and let us know. Would
you like to learn more about your camera settings to get you shooting like a pro?
I’ve created an absolutely F-R-E-E cheat sheet for you on all the best camera
settings to shoot video with your DSLR, mirrorless or interchangeable lens
camera that will show you the settings that will allow your photos and videos
to shine and stand out from the competition. The link to get that cheat
sheet is just below in the video description. I’ve also created cheat
sheets on other topics such as video editing and even though offer training
courses on editing video using Adobe Premiere Pro and soon I’ll have others.
I’ll link to those cheat sheets and training courses below as well. You can
learn to edit like a pro with my training course, I guarantee it.
Do you want to see more videos like this? Follow my YouTube channel, Jim Costa
Films, for more. Think what you saw was great? Like it. Do you have an opinion?
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Costa Films, so feel free to check out many of my other videos for great tips
and suggestions. If you follow me for a while now, you may know that I have a
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can learn even more! you

3 thoughts on “Frame Rates For Video & Filmmaking Explained | Understanding Frames Per Second | 24P vs 60 P | FPS

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    Want to see more videos like this? Follow my YouTube channel, Jim Costa Films, for more! Think what you saw was great? Like it! Have an opinion? Comment below! Know someone who could benefit from the info I provided? Share the video. Do you want to learn even more? Connect with Jim Costa Films on social media and online!


    For more information on my video services, check out my website: Are you looking for help creating video for your business? Do you need a commercial for television, social media or radio? How about a corporate video for your web site or for training? I can help! I specialize in creating video and audio content for businesses and individuals! Contact Jim Costa Films for a consultation. Follow, Like, Subscribe & Connect for more video content, tips and tricks for using technology and the information you need to take your photos and videos and your business to the next level.

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